Importance of Natural Resources

RAWES Part 2

[music] What we’d like to do today
is to actually go out in the field. We covered some of the
theory yesterday and so, today it’s really to try
and develop skills and build your understanding
on how to undertake this Rapid Assessment of Wetland
Ecosystem Services. One of the objectives of the
day is to make you realize the different types of wetland
perform benefits for society. This will be the same
in your countries when you go back to your wetlands. Not all wetlands provide
the same amount of benefits to the
same types of people. One of the things we need to
think about when we’re doing this form of assessment is,
who actually benefits. When you’re looking at a wetland
or a different part of a wetland trying to think who
benefits from this wetland. We’ll look at that amongst different types of wetlands
within Suncheon Bay. Part of this is also to get
you thinking about the different types of services
and the whole concept about, how a wetland is providing
those services and how a wetland is functioning to
provide those services. Now, we can’t make you
experts of every field in a space of two and
a half days but the idea is to try and get
you thinking about some of these concepts around
ecosystem services. Really, when you’re out
in the field and will work probably in larger
groups then we’ll break down into smaller
groups this afternoon, you really got to
start thinking about who benefits and the
link between service, which different wetland
types are providing and using that list
of services that we looked at yesterday
as a starting point. What we’d really
appreciate as well is, as I said yesterday, the
Republic of Korea is sponsoring a draft
resolution which will go to the Ramsar COP
in Dubai in October. Any feedback or comment
positive or negative about the approach, things
that you think, “This isn’t working well, I
don’t understand this, I could do with some
guidance on this. This bit is really
simple or haven’t you thought of something else.” Any feedback, be it positive
or negative we’ll really appreciate that because, the more feedback we get the
best of the approach can become and the
more useful it will be to yourselves as well
as the managers and to other people
elsewhere in the world. Please, if you don’t
understand something or you want a clarification,
just ask myself or the other people
from the Ramsar Regional Center and they can feed
the information back. We’d really appreciate your
comments and feedback. We’re hoping we’ll visit at
least two wetland types. If the day goes well and if
you work hard, we might end up visiting five different
types of wetland in this area. This area is a wetland park and it
combines both natural habitats of the history in the bay with some
man-made and human-made wetlands. There are rice paddies which are
managed for conservation and we’ll have a bit more information
about them when we go to them. There are tidal
mudflats which are very important for waterbirds
and show birds. There’s natural reed, marshes, and swamps around the
edge of the mudflats. There is some human-made wetlands
around the visitor center which are really designed for CEPA– for
education and communication purposes. Then, there are tidal
creeks as well running between the mudflats and
through the reed beds. We’ll hopefully go out
and do assessment hopefully all five of
these types of habitat. This afternoon, we’ll go on a boat,
there will be two boat trips. Because, otherwise, we
have to walk across the mudflats and that will probably mean the mud will
come up to about here and we’ll probably get quite dirty. Unless you want to walk on the
mudflats, we’ll go on a boat. This is just to illustrate
some of the habitats we have. The rice paddies, the tidal creek,
the mudflats, the human-made wetlands, around the visitor
center and the reed swamps. There are boardwalks going
throughout the reed swamps, there are footpaths along the
side of the rice paddy and there’s paths along the side
of the man-made wetland and we can visit the tidal creeks
from the same boardwalks. As I said, the mudflats
we’ll visit from a boat. Just to get your
bearings, we are up here in the visitor center
and what we will start off doing is,
we will walk down to have a look at
this rice paddy here. Those of you that might
be able to see this, if you go on Google, earth
it’s very clear. There are some markings
actually on the field and the rice paddies here are
managed for conservation. There is an arrangement
between the Suncheon City and people that run the visitor
center to pay the farmers. To leave some of their rice
in the field so access good food for the wintering
birds that come in. Every year, they plant different
varieties of rice and they mark out patterns either with words in
the Korean language or pictures. This is still a productive
rice paddy but it also serves conservation and communication
reasons and purposes. We’ll take a walk down
to the rice paddy. There is also a large
extensive area of reef ridge which also extends
back through here. We’ll look from this
footpath here at the rice paddy that way
and the reeds swamp. We’ll see how we’re doing,
by the time we’ll probably complete that come back
here for lunch and then this afternoon we will split
into two groups because, the boat can only take a
certain number of people. The first boat will go
out down to the mudflats down here and we will
look at the mudflats. Once that boat is going out,
we’ll also have some people looking at this tidal creek area
up here and then we’ll swap over. Then we’ll come back
either into the classroom here just to recap on the day
and see how we’ve got on. That’s roughly where we’re going. Yesterday, the last
exercise I showed you was basically showing
this area of the bay but, I didn’t look at
that area on purpose because that’s where
we’re going today. That’s the general sites. What we’d like to do is, have
people working in small teams. Maybe, splitting the
group into six groups, just six more groups,
maybe four-six people. Then when you’re in your group, to
discuss things amongst yourselves. It’s really useful to
have a conversation and to throw ideas around. Because, your own experiences will
be really valuable and if each of us can learn from each other. To ask questions about
different services, do you think this is happening? Also, when you’re
looking at doing an assessment, think about which area
it is you’re actually assessing. For instance, if you’re
looking at the rice paddy, or you’re just looking
at maybe one or two fields or are you
considering the whole area? You might want to say,
“Okay, well, I’m only going to look at a small area
for the rice paddy here.” Because, I can’t see the whole area. I’m not sure what’s going on
and likewise, the reed swamp. You might be able just
from just standing on this bank here, you can see a
lot of the reeds swamp. You might say, “Well actually,
it’s all fairly uniform.” It’s quite a homogeneous, quite
a similar area of habitat. Therefore, I can consider all that
area reeds swamp as one area. Have a discussion as well about the extent of the area
that you’re covering. We have the field sheets
which will be circulated and please make sure you try and
complete all the sections. This is only a training exercise,
it’s very useful to get into the habit of trying to
collect as much information. Assessing all the services and
if you’re going to break the services down, I stressed yesterday
that the list is just a guide. You don’t have to use
everything on that list. You can subdivide things, so
when it says food for the rice paddy, you can actually say
rice rather than just food. When you’re looking at the mudflats,
we might see fishermen out there. We might see people
collecting other animals. You might want to say
shellfish or fish. Try and make it as
specific as possible. Then, complete the sections
or in the comments what evidence did you see? Who do you think is benefitting? Make sure you complete the sections on not just the scoring
but also the scale. Is it local people? Is it maybe a regional value or
is it an international value? We’ll make sure we have
everything with us. I don’t think it’s–
today, but now that I’ve said that, it
probably will rain. If I say, “It’s going to rain all
day long,” it will be sunny. Again, make sure you
have the recording sheets with you, pens,
pencils, et cetera. If you have sun cream
or hats if you need it. I definitely need sunscreen
because I have no hair. I’ve already put cream on my head. – I think
even bottled water. Yes, I
think water is very important, and I know
Seong-Bo and Hannah handed out some water. We will get a chance. We will come back to the
center for lunch and we can have something
to drink here as well. Yes, water is important. Also, there are bathrooms as we
go around but if people want to use the bathroom before we
leave, it might be an idea. There’s a bathroom there
in this building. That’s the approach. We will leave the center
now and we’ll walk. It will take us maybe 10, 15 minutes
to walk down to this bank down here. Mr. Suh, is there anything
you want to add? Norman that seems fine? Yes. Does anyone
have any questions? You have the handouts. You have the information
from yesterday, apart from one person who managed
to leave it on the bus. [laughs] It’s now lost forever. We’ll have recording sheets. What I suggest is,
when you’re in groups, maybe one person does
all the recording and the other people talk,
but if you want to write information
yourself, feel free. [music] Behind us all, we
have the rice paddies. These rice paddies are managed for conservation as well
as food production. This time of year we can’t see
it, but if you were here when the crops were growing, they plant
different varieties of rice and they set out patterns which
might be a bird or crane flying, or it might have a message
written in the Korean language. If you come here when
the rice is growing, you can see the different colors. There is an agreement with
the local farmers that they leave some of the
rice in the field so that the cranes which come
here can come and all the other birds can come and
eat in these fields. They harvest some of the rice themselves but a lot
of it they leave. The farmers get paid by the city
for the conservation management. The farmers are still rewarded for
growing the rice, but instead of selling it for food, they basically
sell it to the birds as food. In terms of the water, on this side,
we have brackish and saline water. This creek, you can see, this channel goes out all the way
down to the estuary which is over there, but this side
of the bank, you can see that elevated land behind
us, this is freshwater. The drainage that comes off
the hills and from behind us comes down through a network
of channels which they manage to manage the water
level for the rice paddies. You’ll see there are some structures
which control the water and hold the water back in here before
it goes out into the tidal area. We will see one of those structures. We will walk around and look at one
of those structures later on. The first area you want
to assess in your five groups will be this area
of rice paddy behind us. I suggest that because
this structure might not be able to take all our weights, that we maybe, one or two groups stay
out here, and other people get down. You can still see the rice paddy from
the top of this bank looking into it. In your groups, if you start
doing the assessment thinking, “For the different
ecosystem services, is there a very big benefit?” That would be two pluses? “Is it just maybe a local benefit for a small
number of people?” It should be one plus? Or, “If the service isn’t being
delivered by this area, which is always possible, it’s a zero?” Or if you think that, “Actually, by the way the land
is being managed that it’s a negative, and a few people are
missing out,” that’s a minus. If a lot of people are
victims or suffering from the management, then
it’d be a double minus. Or if you’re not sure,
put a question mark. If you go down the
actual assessment for each of the services
and think about each service, and if you
want to, you can change the language if you’re
not quite sure. Where it says food, you might want to
replace food with rice production. Then, think about the
scale of the benefit. Who benefits from this? Is it just local
people that benefit? Is it maybe more widely across
a greater or larger region? Or is it maybe of global importance? For instance, for something like education, the visitor
center that we are at and this is all
part of the visitor center, people who
use this walkway. – Not just
to interfere but I will forget it later. What’s the area of the paddy field? The total area,
I don’t actually know. I think you need to define
which area you’re looking at. That’s something you need to have
a conversation in your group. Do you have any inventory of how many partners
are working here? They have a record here. Yes. They have all registered about this. And, any community behind paddy field? Of course, yes. Yes. Go to the site of the community people. All the information, know exactly before They have some brochures
or publication about it. We can see. Yes, we can see now. We can provide it later. That’s right, yes. It’s almost like a community
of farmers that all work here together for conservation as
well as for their own farming. You can see there’s like a couple hundreds. Yes, it’s probably not more from that. In terms of things like education,
people come from all over the world. When they visit Korea,
Suncheon is known as the Garden City of the
eco-capital of Korea. You have international visitors that come here for tourism,
for recreation. When you’re looking at who
benefits, that could be an international benefit from
environmental education. Go down the list and
think about the scale, think about the magnitude
of the service. Is it a zero, a one-plus, or
one-minus, or double-plus, whatever? Then, try and write down
a little comment about why you’ve said what you’ve
said in terms of the assessment, and then slowly
work through the first sheet. When we finish, we’ll give you maybe
about– until about eleven o’clock. We might be done before then,
and then they’ll move around. We’ll look at an area like
this that the reed bed are looking over the history
once we’re finished. But, I’ll be looking around and
also Mr. Suh’s colleagues from the Ramsar Regional Center, they can
help maybe answer some questions. They’ve been out here
many times with myself. Likewise there are two other
resource people we’ve got the doctor and Prianie,
wherever Prianie might be. I’m here. [laughter] Okay. Feel free to ask questions. The main thing is, ask questions
of each other in the group because, you shouldn’t underestimate what you already know. Use your own experience and
that could be very beneficial. Have you used fertilizer, any
chemicals for [inaudible]? No, they don’t use chemicals. They’re not allowed. It’s a part of the conservation
agreement that these are effectively– They manage it
like an organic production. There are other fields up there
which are more intensely managed. You saw some of the greenhouses
and the agriculture that we saw as we were
coming into this side. The water coming off that
land does come through here. This will control the
flows of the water and also some of those chemicals and fertilizers that will
be going there will be treated before it goes
out to the estuary. You told if I’m left somebody here, but what about- Yes, that’s right. They’re getting compensation city- They’ll get paid compensation from the city. That’s right. [music] The main plant is common
reed, Phragmites australis. This area is– it’s not freshwater
but it’s not saltwater. It’s more brackish in-between. The tidal waters will
flood through the reed. In high tides, there’ll be
water in the reed, and then obviously, on the low tide
that water drains down. Phragmites australis can’t
tolerate very high salinity. That’s why it’s a good indicator
this is still relatively freshwater but they were
very high up the estuary. You’ll see this afternoon when
we get out in the boat. We’ll go right out and
so, be on the soil– on the mudflats, to be on the
end of the river bed. This area is very important. It’s important in terms
of, it’s part of us. It provides a very good
nursery ground for fisheries. There’s a lot of fish
caught out in the bay. It also buffers against storms. It’s a very large
width of reed beds. If there’s high
storms, spring tides. Again, this is as a
result of a lot of the energy from that, protects the shore. Also, it helps buffer against
the intrusion of saltwater because, we saw this is a
freshwater system on this side. Otherwise, you couldn’t
grow the rice. This is protecting the intrusion of saltwater, especially
with sea level rise. This is forming a good buffer. Again, in terms of the
education and the inspiration and other
cultural values, you can see there’s a
footpath along here. You can walk along here. There’s a small education building
just down there further on. It has many values. Again, in your groups,
if we can split into our groups again, maybe
scatter ourselves along this bank, and if we
can carry on with the assessment, we’d like
to try and get this one finished so that we
can leave in no later than quarter past 12 because we
need to walk all the way back to the
center, not far from where the coach was,
to go and have lunch. The longer you take, the
less you have for lunch. One question. Fine, please, I was going to say, “Any questions?” This footpath, is it like a bund? It is, yes. It just protects its
a flood embankment. It stops this area from flooding. They’ve reclaimed that area. If you’d come here 100 years ago,
this would have been tidal mudflat. It could have been a reed bed. It could have been a reed bed or mudflats, yes. That’s right. This land has been reclaimed
for agriculture as in many places around Asia, especially
around the Yellow Sea. That would have all been natural wetland, and that has
been reclaimed for agriculture, it’s
been drained, and now it’s managed as a freshwater system. Doctor, I have a half question. Half question, okay. How the community collects the reed? The reeds have been– They’re collected, they’re and
harvested in some areas, and you might have noticed that
in the education center, they use it for building
fences and screens. Uh, that’s from reed. Yes, that’s from reed. Oh, really? When they are collecting? In parts, perfect for collecting. I am not sure here but normally- Not a half question. This is two questions. [laughs] That’s four halves. One point half, one-point five. They allow the community to harvest? Yes. Because, this is managed by Suncheon City, they will harvest it. They can use it into
ornamental features such as- [cross talk] One question. I’ll do this one first. There will be a management
plan, but for this reed, the main management–
well, we won’t notice it today, but if we had
time, you can see in the top of the hill up there,
there’s a platform. If we went up there, you can see. Some of you might have
seen the pictures of Suncheon Bay which has these
circular areas of reed. They’re almost like circles
of plants in the mudflat. They are managing and they’re
cutting around the perimeter to stop the reeds spreading
out over the mudflats. The mudflats are very important
for migratory birds, more so than the reed bed, and the reed is trying
to encroach onto the mudflats. There’s a management regime which is
cutting the reed to stop the reed spreading onto the
mudflats, so they’re not losing the mudflat habitat. All this land belongs to government or private? This is all governmental land. It’s owned by the city. This is all Ramsar Site as well. What about the fire incidence? There might be incidences of fire, but they’re
probably quite rare. This is more of a
temperate environment. It’s quite wet. Fire is a natural
occurrence in these wetlands, but it’s
probably quite unusual. [music] We split into our teams, maybe
on the boat, maybe some will get at the back, some stay in
here and maybe some go outside. We will look out
across the mudflats. The mudflats here are
very important to the migratory birds and
the shorebirds, but they’re also very
important in terms of depositing sediments and
supporting fisheries. I don’t know whether we will
see them today but they have the traditional mudskipper fisherman who sits on little rafts that go on the
mud, and they throw a hook and they hook the mudskippers
that we had at lunchtime. We might not see them,
so, I don’t know. Will we see them today? Maybe the fisherman? Maybe not. Maybe not. Really, the only bits we’re looking
at are the mudflats, and you’ll see from the tidal channel, that
tidal channel, that tidal creek. Then you have mudflats,
and then you’ll see the reed beds that we were
looking at this morning. You really want to do an
assessment of the mudflats. If you come at a certain time
of the year, for instance in the winter, you’ll see
many birds on the mudflats. Today we’ll probably not
see many birds, there might be a few heron or
egret, but they might fly. It’s again, very important
in terms of absorbing energy from the sea,
storing sediments, filtering water, and
they’re very extensive as we saw earlier on this morning. There’s a problem with the
reed bed encroaching. People are trying to manage the
reeds and stop losing mudflat. Tell me on where we stop
the boat, we’ll decide whether we do one bank
or the other bank. We’ll have to see where we
actually stop the boat, and we’ll just choose an
area of mudflat to look at. What you might see is, in a distance,
you’ll see maybe some posts and some nets which they use for fishing
and collecting shellfish as well. You might see that as we
get round the corner. Then, we’ll turn round and head back– and get back to the shop where we just came
from at about 20 to 3:00. About 40 minutes we’ll
be on the water. You’ll have to work very
quickly when we get there. If we don’t complete today, you can
always complete it when we come back. Any questions about the mudflats? If you want to get off the boat and swim to the mudflats, you’re very welcome too, but
you’ll get very dirty. I have a duty
because I am from mangroves. You’re from mangroves, there are no mangroves here,
we’re too north. If it was in your country,
we would have mangrove here. That’s right. You can see already there are
some shorebirds outside here. The quality, I’m not sure about that. Yes. On this side, you
have the mountain on this side, but as we
get past at the end of the mountain, and you’ll see the whole history open
up in front of you. These boats are very popular for the tourists to come out
and go on the water. It’s another part of the
experience of visiting Suncheon Bay, the eco-center. For people who are familiar
with coastal wetlands, that dynamic is very important,
that variation in the tide. It drives a lot of the
ecological processes, a lot of the bulging
chemical processes. The tide that we have at the moment isn’t a spring tide,
it’s a small tide. Not one of the really big tides. You’ll see when we get on the boats,
from where the boats are more to the top of this shore, it’s quite a high
difference, about three meters. There’s a real tidal variation here. The tide comes in very quickly
because this is a funnel. As you come up the estuary,
the water gets faster and faster, and it rises quicker,
the further we go out. The tidal influence extends
right up the creek for quite a distance
towards Suncheon City. Sometimes, on the mudflats
along here, you’ll see the traditional
fishermen on their little boats just throwing a
line with a hook, and the hook– They don’t
catch it in the mouth. They just grab the mudskipper and they just pull
them in and catch it. They’re very skilled. They’ll throw the hook right
onto the mudskipper and pull it. Fishermen pay some taxes to do that? I don’t know. I don’t think they
have to pay taxes. The fishermen here, they’re licensed. Right. The government can’t allow to anyone. Some people who live here
that didn’t register, they didn’t get the
license to keep fish. Almost as though saying their fishermen are licensed
by the government. Not anyone can come and fish here. There’s a community of
fishermen that practice their traditional fishing and
they have a license. How many they are allowed to fishing? It’s probably only- How many fishermen are allowed? No, it’s not many. It’s probably tens of
fishermen, not hundreds. It’ll be tens of fishermen. [music] The last group to
work from the boat. What I would like you to
do in your four groups. Look at the channel. What we have here
is a tidal channel. The sea water comes up the channel,
goes quite all the way up but equally the freshwater flows down
the channel from the river system. What I would like you
to focus on is the actual channel itself,
not into the reed bed because we’ve already
looked at the reed bed and we looked at the
mudflats in between. The main channel area and think about
the differences of this channel compared to the other sites and
do an assessment on the channel. You might want to look a little
bit up the channel up, there’s just another coming down in that
area so that they link up there. If you look at the main channel
and a little bit of that channel and do the assessment
on that as a different type of habitat because,
what we are looking at here is, we’ve looked at
different types of habitat. They are all part of the same
Ramsar Site but we are looking at different habitats and
what we would do tomorrow is we will look and see the
different types of wetland even though there they are part
of a larger wetland complex. There is different types to provide
different services so that different people benefit from
different parts of the wetland. Is that clear? Can we trust you on your own to do the assessment without
us going on to the boat? We’re on the boat, you’ll
have to know what to do. What you can do, one
group might want to go down there and there
are even two groups. You can actually– if you
walk down from the boardwalk and come underneath
and you can sit down. Even though this looks like an old
boat, it’s actually a seat so you can sit down there or you can stand
up here and do business from here. Any other questions? In terms of channel, the water
levels fluctuate so, on low tides, they’re low and the
flow is dominated by fresh water, as the tide
comes in, the water level rises up and
spreads out into the reed bed and its dominated
by tidal water. You do get some fishing
up here, so there are some fishermen that
fish in this area. Obviously, you have the
tourist boats, so people– tourist boats do go a
little bit up there. All the drainage from the city
and from the water catchment uphill comes down this channel
before going out to the bay area. This is the watershed area- No, not the
watershed, just the channel. When you think about when we were
looking at the map yesterday and I had a picture of a–
some coastal wetland system. There is a channel and there
are the mudflats inside of it. Here you are just
looking at the channel. You are trying to
focus on the channel. Okay, any other questions? Why do the other side [inaudible]? If you were in there, they
would look the same because you are looking at an angle,
you are looking at the reed beds because
we are above it. Yes, it’ll be exactly the same. What you have here is the very light
green, very light brown colors the dead reed from last year. What we have now, this
is young grown there. Okay, just a bit of background. This is a tidal creek so, a low
flow is that, most of the water is actually fresh water coming down from
the city and from the catchment. The water level might vary by
maybe two or three meters. You get the influence from
the sea and the coastal waters coming in and that’s
why it’s a very brackish. It’s neither fresh nor salty. You’ll see as we go around, that
the mudflats are very extensive. At the moment they are quite narrow. They may be only 50 meters. When we go around the corner,
you’ll see there is vast extents of mudflats which get
exposed to every low tide. They are incredibly
important for wintering birds, passage birds coming through. They are also important for fisheries
and unfortunately this time of year, you don’t really see the traditional
fishermen that fish on the mudflats. They sit on little boats and
they basically just throw the hook and basically catch on top
of the fish and pull the fish. You’ll also see as we go and
you can start seeing now there is some sticks stuck
in the mud on the mudflats and that’s– they use those
for fishing of the shellfish and catching other inserting
nets to catch fish. Only catch shellfish with the nets? Well, no. Some basically do some shellfish
where the shellfish will actually attach themselves to things and
then they’ll take the whole post. This is the area where the
government is trying to stop the reeds from
encroaching on the mudflat. These mudflats are really important
in terms of storing sediments. In some areas, they get algae
forming on top of them, so they get quite extensive areas
of algae but also, some other areas around here people
collect the mud from the mudflats and they use it in
cosmetics to put on their face. Cosmetics? Yes. [laughs] They collect the
mud to put on their skin. To make your skin look
beautiful like mine. Which makes me look so young. [laughs] It makes me look like I’m in my 20s. Yes. You want to take some mud
from here to your country? [laughs] You’re going to see now
the mudflats are very extensive. If we were to go beyond that other
point, it goes all the way around. [crosstalk] I’m not joking. Seriously, yes. If you can start doing the
assessment but focus on the mudflat. So, from the edge of the water to
the edge of the reed, okay, right. Team leader take charge. You can see the posts with the
nets in a very extensive mudflat. No one lives out here
but there are fishermen and fishing community
that come out here. [Pause: 00:37:31] You must start work now. You stop being tourists
and now you start work. In winter, there are
many thousands of cranes that come out
here on the mudflat. Migrating? Yes. They migrate up to
Siberia come down from Siberia and they
overwinter down here. They will come out on the mudflats
and go and eat on the rice paddies. What is the name of this? It’s a grey heron. Okay, so this is the
next site we are going to undertake the rapid
assessment from. This is obviously a
human-made wetland. This is quite a young system. It’s probably only about
three to five years old. It’s very important
in terms of public awareness, education, so people come here, they are trained, staff
members who do pond dipping. They take out insects,
show the public. Describe the different
animals, different taxa. It’s very important in
terms of education. It also takes a lot of the drainage water from this
surrounding area which comes here and stored
in here and the water then drains out
down the far end into another series
of ponds and then, back then into the drainage system which ultimately will go out through the rice paddies today
estuary beyond. This is a very different
type of wetland. It’s freshwater, completely
freshwater and very much designed around education, public
awareness, communications. What we’ll do is, we’ll split
into our groups, we’ll move maybe each group may be just move
10 meters around the pond and we’ll do an assessment of this
and see how you come up with– what results you come up with
compared to the other ones. Does anyone have any
questions about this? How does the water come? How does the water come? The water, some of it
comes from the other side, from this freshwater
pond over there and I think they are
fed from drainage which comes in further
up the valley and some of it comes
from the runoff from the hard standing
around here, but it’s all fresh water that
comes into here. They obviously manage this quite intensely, so they
keep the vegetation open because they want to have that
mix of areas of fringing reed. This is the Phragmites,
the same reed that we saw before, but there
are some other species. This is a type of species. It’s really good for invertebrates. There’s a lot of dragonflies,
lots of mollusks, beetle species, that
you’ll see in the water. There are some other aquatic
plants in here, but it’s quite a young,
immature system, still. One of the things with
wetlands is that, if you build a small wetland in the middle of a large wetland, a lot of
wildlife comes into it immediately. So, this isn’t really that
important in terms of migratory birds, but there are– and you
can hear the birds singing. There are many small
Passerines and other birds that do nest in
the vegetation around. You can walk all the way around
it, if you want to wander around, you can we’ll try to go
about half an hour or so here, and then, depending on how we’re
doing, if we’ve got time, just beyond, you can see that
area over there background. Beyond that, there’s
a relatively recent, maybe two or three-year-old wetland. Which is also a human made wetland,
but it’s very different to this one, which we might try and look at
before we go off and get the coach. So, any questions on this one? Hopefully, it’s fairly
self-explanatory. We split into our groups. Everyone who’s got sheets,
have got this young boat. Wave your sheets, Seong-Bo
has sheets if we need them. [music] Okay, so this is our last site. You’ll be very pleased to hear that. We’ve just looked at one human-made
wetland, this is another one, behind us, and you can
walk around the whole area. This used to all be car park. What they’ve tried to
do at the center is to reduce the impact of
traffic, make people use buses such as these
ones, stay in the city, or get a bus here
rather than drive here. So, the visitor center actively
tried to reduce the amount of car parking to make it harder for people
to come here in private cars. They converted this
that was all car park into a wetland, and the
wetland is behind us. This was built maybe
three or four years ago. If you go down to the far end you can
see it takes drainage water from the agricultural fields
further up the valley, so basically, between
here and the city. As you go up the river, most of the
flood plain is being converted into rice paddy and intensive
agriculture for vegetables. All the drainage comes
down through a network of drains and small
channels, at the far end, some of that water gets
diverted into this wetland here and then
goes out of this wetland, either directly to the
creek or into this small area which was once
reed bed, but about a year ago, it got dug out
and has been turned into islands, but this
was once all reed bed. The area we want to look at is
this man-made wetland here. I said earlier, it takes
the drainage from the agricultural fields before
it goes up the creek. Also, it takes the drainage from
the car park as that runs off. When we have heavy rain here,
that ends up in the wetland. Again, it’s a very young, immature
system, but it’s slightly different to the other pond in the fact
that, not many people come here. Most people might use the
restrooms here, go to their car, but very few people actually
bother walking around here. There is some car
parking still, but it’s only on very busy days
that people park here. In terms of the human
interaction, it’s very different to the
previous one, it’s not designed with a photo point, it’s
not designed with seating next to it. It’s a slightly different type of wetland in terms of
human-made wetland. In terms of the wildlife, it
still attracts some wildlife. They’ve put in islands, the idea
is to try to get birds to nest on the islands, but I’m not sure
whether they’ve been successful. Personally, I think the
islands have been badly designed, and not very
attractive for nesting birds. They’ve planted several trees and
several different species of plants. You still get quite a lot of dragonflies, other
amphibians, such as frogs in here, and many other
invertebrates in the water course. That’s really it, so
it’s our last one. What I would suggest
is the groups is maybe take a little walk around
it and then if you want to come back and
sit in here to do the assessment, that might
make more sense. If anyone wants to use
the restrooms, they’re there, before we get
back on the bus. If we have maybe 20
minutes, half an hour? Do you think that should be enough? It is quite freshwater? It’s all freshwater, yes.
It’s freshwater. [music] What we’d like to do, tomorrow, we
will go through the results and we’ll look whether we had similar results, different results
from group to group. We’ll have a discussion amongst us. One group might have said
that was two plus and one group might have said
that was one minus, and if we can’t decide it,
we have a fight, and we say, “Whoever wins the
fight, they get the score.” So, we will have a
decision tomorrow. We will go through the different
assessments, and we’ll also look at some of the
lessons you’ve learned, things that you thought
worked well, things you think could be improved, things
that you’re unsure about. What we’ll try and do is,
we’ll try and summarize all of the different
wetland types we’ve got and try to get a
consensus amongst the group, that we think, “That
seems to be the right score for the different
wetland types.” Then, we’ll have a look
at the wetland types and say, “Well, our different
wetlands performing– “[phone rings] Sorry,
my phone is ringing. Our different wetland’s performing different ecosystem
services, and if so, why? We’ll try to understand
that a bit better. Then what I’ll do is, I’ll
go through a little bit more in terms of how you can
analyze and present the results and I’ll present
a few case studies from different places in the world. From Sri Lanka, from Myanmar
and from some other locations. That will basically
be my session in the morning, and then in the afternoon I think we have some
more time for some other people to make
presentations and to have some more general
discussions about wetland management and
how RRC-EA can help in delivering wetland
management and implementing the convention in your countries. So, that’s myself. Over to you Mr. Suh, unless
there’s any- [applause]

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