Importance of Natural Resources

PBS Show, Fishing Fame, Hardwood Heaven, LBJ’s Park, #2812

– NARRATOR: Coming up on
Texas Parks and Wildlife…
– To enjoy the outdoors, you
have to have places to go and things to do. – These are the worst things
that we have in all of Texas. [wild hog snorting] – Conservation, heritage,
history, this park lives and breathes
that every day. [theme music] ♪ ♪– NARRATOR: Texas Parks
and Wildlife,
a television series
for all outdoors.
[birds chirp] [soothing music] – ALAN HAYNES: I’ve lived
here my entire life and it’s a great city,
great town. But when you grew up, it was
small enough town, you knew everybody in town. You go to picture show
or go to a restaurant, you knew everybody in it. [laughs] No question about it. In my case, fishing
became important. [film projector clicking] When I was a little kid,
I had some adults that took me fishing… right here on this lake and I remember the very first
bass I ever caught on it. [laughs] Woody Brookshire says,
“I want us to build a sporting goods store in Tyler
and I want you to run it.” And I said, “I think
it’s a great idea but I want to own part of it.” And he says, “Well I hoped
you’d say that too.” – ANNOUNCER: John Bass for
The Sportster. Brother, this week it’s
The Sportster’s spring sports spectacular. Our biggest sale of all time. Check Monday’s newspaper in
your area for The Sportster spectacular
sale tabloid and don’t miss the
greatest sale and show in town all week long. – Through The Sportster
initially, Alan provided the gear that
made people better fishing, when they became
better fishermen, they became more
active fishermen. – ALAN: This store
was a destination. – If he didn’t have it,
you didn’t need it. He just had so much
knowledge as a fisherman that he could really
help people. – Always looking for
new ways to promote and to sell fishing. – ALAN: Look at the
size of that bass. [laughs and cheers] – ANGLER: That sir is mister
Alan Haynes right there. – ALAN: Having fun. Whooo! Son, son, what a fish! I was in the sporting goods
business and I determined early in the game that I ought
to do everything I could do to help fishing in Texas. – Alan brought some of the
things and tools that he learned as a business
owner into public advocacy for anglers and specifically to
the Texas Parks and Wildlife and involvement with us and
trying to make fishing better. – STEVE: He understands the
conservation part, bringing more people
into the sport. – MARTIN: And when the
opportunity came along to support the Fishing and
Wildlife Conservation Act, Alan was totally on board. – That kind of, to me,
lit the fire under him. And he was very active going to
Austin and pushing that issue. – DAVE: Alan was an integral
part of establishing the East Texas Woods and
Waters Foundation. That organization did so many
great things to improve fishing like the Mineola Preserve. It was a huge piece of property
that he really wanted to set aside for the
use and enjoyment of current and future
generations of outdoorsmen. – Seems to me that… that to enjoy the outdoors,
you have to have places to go and things to do. – BRENT: It was important and is
important you know facilities like this Nature Center. They had the youth fish
days which are huge. – ALAN: The reason I helped
start the kid fish program, people that were nice
to me when I was a kid. I felt like it was payback time. – Alan was also an
important leader in a planning committee to start the Texas Freshwater
Fisheries Center in Athens which is the
Inland Fisheries Division’s major outreach center. – When he starts something,
he puts everything he’s got into it. – He won’t quit. He has selective hearing and
he can’t hear the word no. – MARTIN: As great as it is
in Texas, Alan wants to make it better. – Alan is an advocate for
fishing and in all the outdoors, because he loves it. – ALAN: You know, it just makes
you feel good that you’ve lived this long, and somebody
appreciates what you did. [splashing, music] [relaxing music] – ED COX, JR.: We’re at
Lochridge Ranch in Anderson County. I’m Ed Cox, Jr. I have a passion for
East Texas. I grew up hunting and fishing
and doing all kinds of things in the outdoors and I just
had passion for it. And still do.– NARRATOR: Lochridge covers
more than 15,000 acres
in the Post Oak Savannah
of East Texas.
– It’s something that I
just grew to love and put it above basically
everything except my family.– NARRATOR: Ed lives on the
ranch with his wife Kathie
and their children.– I couldn’t think of
anywhere else better to live than here.– NARRATOR: Ed’s daughter Dot
helps run the cattle.
– DOT: Come on. Come on.– NARRATOR: But Lochridge isn’t
your typical cattle ranch.
– DOT: There they go.– NARRATOR: While they
do graze cows,
much of the property has
a different purpose.
These hardwood bottomlands were
at one time, cattle pasture.
– ED: This was all Coastal
Bermuda at one time. We left some place
for the cattle and then we went in and planted
thousands of hardwoods. We planted probably a
hundred acres of them. – HARRY JACOBSON: Ed, this
burn came out perfect. A really classic return
to Post Oak Savanna. What we’re looking at here
is the remnants of that ecosystem that
once existed over 50 million acres
of North America. It’s an endangered
habitat now. This is a good browse
species right here. These asters and forbs
and poison ivy. – ED: I didn’t know
they ate that. – Oh yeah, anything that grows
on a vine, a deer will eat. What’s so encouraging
about Lochridge is this is one of the few places
where we’re growing it back. – ED: You can sure tell the
difference with a burn. It just does wonders. [heavy machinery rumbles]– NARRATOR: When burning
isn’t an option,
they bring in the mulcher.– This is our instant
gratification tool. This gets us to where
we want to be today. [grinding] To try and burn this enough to remove this size fuel
is really tricky. So, we’re trying to get rid of
the yaupons, the cedars, things that are using up a lot
of nutrients and water that we really don’t need. [grinding] In the future, we can just
run a fire through here on a maintenance basis and keep
this in a more natural state. [bobber plops] – ED: I’m a fish guy. We have to take about 10 to 12
pounds the acre out every year. This lake for instance, we have to take 1,000 pounds
out of here this year.– NARRATOR: They remove
the fish using an
electrofishing boat.The electricity from the cables
temporarily stuns the fish
and allows them to be captured
and transported to other lakes.
– ED: We basically take
the little fish out and put the big fish back. It keeps your lake from
getting overpopulated. There’s one right there. Looky here, what we got here? [upbeat music]– NARRATOR: The Cox family
and their staff
work hard throughout the year
maintaining the marshes,
planting pea fields
for wildlife,
and keeping track
of everything.
– We are getting our
wildlife census, getting a count on how many
bucks and does we have. How many deer per acre.– NARRATOR: A surprising result
of the work on the ranch
is the rise of a healthy
gator population.
– DON: When this water is out
like this where the creeks are high, you get the gators
spreading all over the whole bottom really. Looking for fish, looking
for something to eat.– NARRATOR: And they’re doing
all they can to keep the
hog problem in check.– These are the worst thing
that we have in all of Texas. They overpopulate and they’ll
just destroy your habitat. [hog snorts] It’s hard to catch them. They get smart. This puts us up to 400
in the last month. Between five and six hundred a
year keeps us about even. [hog snorts] It’s not just our problem. It’s a problem all
over the state. [hog snorts] [birds sing]– NARRATOR: Lochridge is also
taking part in the wild turkey
restoration efforts in
East Texas.
[turkey gobbles] – We’re starting to see a
little bit of success, we’re hopeful. [Don calls turkeys] [turkey gobbles] It’s unbelievable. This is the final missing
piece I feel like, in East Texas. [relaxing music] – ED: We’re trying to
preserve something that there’s not much anymore
and make it better. Generations change and
people’s ideals change and trying to keep this together
and my kids will too. And my granddaughter, so,
that’s a great thing. Makes me feel good. – A very significant part of
our happiness in life revolves around what I
call the Magic Kingdom, we’re in the Magic Kingdom. [turkey gobbles] You might think of Disneyland,
but I want my children to grow up in and have an
experience in this Magic Kingdom which was present here
before we got here. [uplifting music] – PRESIDENT JOHNSON: Rarely are
we met with a challenge to the values and the meanings
of our beloved nation. The issue of equal rights
for American Negros is such an issue.– NARRATOR: President
Lyndon Baines Johnson
is perhaps best remembered
for passing legislation
to uphold civil rights,
improve education,
and help the poor.He was a man of the people,
and his legacy is celebrated
here at the LBJ State
and National Parks.
[rooster crowing] – I think one of the things that President Johnson wanted
the public to see here was how life was like
when he grew up. And what made him do many
of the legislative acts that he did.– NARRATOR: The visitors center
chronicles his life from
boyhood to high school…that’s him circled
on the right…
through his and Ladybird’s time
in the White House,
and finally his retirement
here in Stonewall.
A self-guided tour takes
park visitors to the
actual places that
highlighted LBJ’s life…
his childhood home…his first school…and, what he called his
Western White House,
the place where President
and Mrs. Johnson
spent their final years.– IRIS: The park is so unique. It has so many
things about it. It’s an historical park cause
it’s a Presidential park. But along with that,
it comes with some really neat things that touch
base with nature. The nature trail, and the
deer and the buffalo. And in the spring, the fields
are beautiful with wildflowers. If you like to go swimming,
we have a swimming pool. We have tennis courts. Even a baseball field. No matter what your interest is,
you can really enjoy the park and have a whole day
of activities. – PARK VOLUNTEER: Here, chick,
chick, chick, chick! IRIS: And then there’s
a unique place called the Sauer/Beckmann
Living History Farm. – EUGENE BONDS: This is
a true working farm. It was all very basic. No running water,
no electricity. It depicts life as a
working farm in 1915. [rooster crows] [moooooo] [pigs grunt] – It was one of the
ideas of LBJ to actually have this happen,
the concept of people realizing what life
was like without electricity and
running water. And he said, people aren’t
going to know that if we don’t somehow
preserve that. – IRIS: Welcome to our parlor. Come on in. – EUGENE: The tears that
come in people’s eyes when they come and visit… – VIRGINIA: So where
was Granny living at? – PARK VISITOR: In Oklahoma. – EUGENE: …pointing with
pride to a young grandchild, this is the way we did it. Or, this is just like
momma did it. [uplifting music] – IRIS: Conservation,
heritage, history, this park lives and breathes
that every day. [uplifting music] [upbeat music] [upbeat music] [upbeat music] [wind blowing]– NARRATOR: Here at the Aransas
National Wildlife Refuge in the
shallow bays of the Texas
coast, you can find one of
terarest birds in North America.The endangered Whooping Crane.– FELIPE CHAVEZ-RAMIREZ: This
is a species that almost went extinct; it was almost
gone forever from the face of the earth. Depending on what estimates we
can count on 14 to 16 individuals were alive in 1941,
and that, almost disappeared. We still have a very small
population, 300, a species that was almost
gone is slowly coming back. Yah, there seems to be a gap.– NARRATOR: Meet biologist
Felipe Chavez-Ramirez,
Veterinarian Barry Hartup,– DAVE BRANDT: Just something we
made out of necessity I guess.– NARRATOR: And biologist
Dave Brandt.
[Whooping Cranes call] – DAVE: They were here!– NARRATOR: They hope to do
something that’s
never been done before.– DAVE: See how he’s got
one foot in don’t he.– NARRATOR: To trap
adult whooping cranes.
The plan is to put transmitters
on the cranes and track them
with satellite GPS technology.The team is working with
Wade Harrell from
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
– WADE HARRELL: We’re going to
learn a lot, in terms of new places that they use that
we didn’t know about before. So I think there will be a real
paradigm shift in how we manage and conserve whooping
cranes going forward. – DAVE: They may have not come
till later in the morning.– NARRATOR: The first step is
to get the birds to come
close to the trap.– DAVE: Looks like there they
are approaching and there they say, “Hey, there’s a
good pile of corn here. Let’s have breakfast!” We’ve been baiting these birds
for three weeks now or more getting them
to the spot. Right in the middle
so they have to reach! The whole key to this is
the fact that they are not quite comfortable. – FELIPE: The trap that we are
using right now is basically a leg snare. – DAVE: I put wet sand
along the sides. – FELIPE: It basically consists
of a loop made of monofilament that we put in a hole that we’ve
previously made on the ground. [Whooping Crane call] – DAVE: Then we start baiting
that depression and hopefully they get into it and start
behaving the way we need them to behave for actual capture. – FELIPE: All right! See you in a few!– NARRATOR: While Felipe
climbs into this blind.
[radio chatter] – So there are a lot of birds
in the area all of a sudden.– NARRATOR: Barry and the
rest of the team stage
in a nearby truck.– BARRY: So now it’s
a waiting game.– NARRATOR: The hope is
this study will help
answer some questions.– Something about how
they’re growing up, are they growing up with
a lot of problems, and that’s why there are
so few of the cranes? Or is there something that
we can do beyond working to conserve they’re winter
and summering habitat? Are there some additional
steps that we can take?– NARRATOR: On this evening,
the whoopers didn’t
fall for the trap.– WADE: Give it another 10 or 15
I guess and then we’ll call… – Yah, and then we’ll call it. Ah. They never went for the corn. [cranes call] – NARRATOR:Trapping may
have hit a snag.
– SARAH KAHLICH: There is a
family pair out there, you seem em?
– MATTHEW: Yep!– NARRATOR: But some science
on surroundings is underway.
– What we’re doing right now
is doing a habitat assessment of the area. Go! [tape measure peels off] We’re going in to look at the
different vegetation types to see what kind of areas the
whooping cranes like to stay in. – MATTHEW: All right stake’s in. – How many segments have
vegetation covering em? – Four. – SARAH: O.K. – This is just an easy way to
get a general idea of the thickness of the vegetation and
the height of the vegetation. – SARAH: Even though they are
an endangered species and they have been worked
on for a long time, there is not a lot known about
what they prefer to do on their day to day activities. So this kinda helps us get a
little better data on where they are actually
spending their time. It’s a five. – MATTHEW: K. Got it!– NARRATOR: And one thing the
habitat study shows,
the cranes’ health goes
hand in hand
with the health of
this salt marsh.
– WADE: Salt Marshes are
extremely productive ecosystems. So there is just an enormous
amount of crustaceans, crab, shrimp, and small fish. So there is a tremendous food
resource that they rely on here. – DIANE JOHNSON: Right out there
is our marsh! If you’ll look there
feeding on blue crabs.– NARRATOR: Bordering the
salt marsh of the refuge…
is the Johnson Ranch.Diane Johnson and her family
have put the land into a
conservation easement.[wind on prairie]The easement insures that this
land will never be developed.
– We have conservation easement
because we want to preserve the habitat for the
whooping cranes and for all the other animals and keep this bit
of land natural. It will never change. Our land is on St. Charles bay,
which is 240 acres of wetlands for the whooping cranes. [birds chirp]– NARRATOR: This prime coastal
habitat will always be
protected.– We are surrounded by nature. And I think it’s our duty
to keep that going, I mean to keep that wild. I think it’s important. ¡Importante!– NARRATOR: Across the bay
at the refuge,
its early morning and
Dave is in the blind.
– WADE: O.K. boys get ready! [cranes call] – DAVE: Got a bird, got a bird! [truck spins tires] – BARRY: Look for the
flagging on your right. That’s right here. [crane squawks] I think you have the dominant
male in your hand. K. Good. – DAVE: K. PTT ID, 134349. We attach these with two types
of adhesion first one is glue secondary will be pop rivets. So it’s pretty much a
permanent transmitter. My feeling is I think that this
project has long been needed. There has been you know,
very little information, scientifically concrete
information that’s been gathered on these birds. This is enabling us to really
concretely say or specifically say, “Yes here where these birds
are stopping, here’s how long they are spending here.” So it’s some groundbreaking
stuff! – BARRY: Taking a look here to
see what kind of condition his feathers are in, his flight
feathers, his outer primaries. What we are doing with
capturing adult birds on the Aransas Refuge has never
been done before. – DAVE: Seven point two four. – BARRY: So we are learning a
lot about these birds in terms of their movements, their
survival, their overall health. What we can do to further their
protection and conservation into the future. O.K. we are good! – FELIPE: You can go now! [crane calls] Ah! Oh yeah, he’s good! [waves] – We’ve got a pair of
whooping cranes here, one adult in the pair is
green over black color band, and blue radio band, I think
they are doing well.– NARRATOR: In all, the team
banded 37 adult
whooping cranes.[computer clicks] – MATTHEW GONNERMAN:
Twenty eleven o seven. – WADE: This project gives us
very fine scaled detail habitat information. So we can actually go and look
at locations where the birds have been, find out what type
of vegetation is there, what type of food source
is there. So we really begin to better
understand what the birds need day in and day out. From their nesting area
in Canada all the way down here to Texas. – FELIPE: This is the last
stronghold of the wild whooping crane flock. So it’s very important
from that perspective. This is the core. I really feel a connection to it
and would like to do as much as I can to help the species
and I think this is one good way to get there! [dramatic music
and cranes call] [dramatic music
and cranes call] [gentle wind
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