Importance of Natural Resources

Our Food System is Rigged feat. Sheril Kirshenbaum | Hot Mess


Stop me if you’ve heard this before. Eating
vegetables is good for you. And… wait for it… growing vegetables for eating produces
relatively low carbon dioxide emissions. Shocking right? No? You maybe heard that before? Hmm
okay, well what are we supposed to do for the rest of the video then. Hey, I’m Miriam, and I care a lot about
eating. I also care about the climate. But turns out, actually understanding how
any of the food we eat impacts the climate is super difficult. Because food impacts… like everything. So I got Sheril Kirshenbaum to help explain it all to me. I’ve observed that although we often address challenges related to climate, food, water, energy, conservation and policy separately, they are, in reality, different frames around the same story: More people. Limited resources. Changing planet. I began my career woking on sea cucumbers. I was looking at how they move, and how they grew Then I moved to work on Capital Hill and I saw that it wasn’t usually the scientists or the experts who were working on the policy issues related to oceans, and climate, and environment, and energy and it became clear that more of us need to be not just working on our pretty disparate specific research areas but combining what we do to tell a bigger story. And I’ve learned that tackling these global challenges takes more than data. It requires understanding social norms, different perspective, and human behavior. And that’s part of why I ended up in agriculture. Nowhere is this more relevant than in navigating our global food system. We’ve got a lot of data backing up the sense that veggies, fruits, legumes and nuts are really good for us. And better for the climate than diets high in meat and sugar, which, aren’t so good for us. Producing red meat alone has been estimated as responsible for up to 30% of ag greenhouse gas emissions because of all the land water and energy involved. The agricultural sector is the world’s 2nd
largest emissions producer after energy. The World Resource Institute tells us that
if you look specific at impact per gram of beef production requires 20 times the land and creates 20 times the emissions as bean production. But, we also know the numbers should be taken with a grain of salt, because there is a lot of controversy over the exact math involved. In this big report called “Food in the Anthropocene”
– which just as well could have been called “Everything Wrong with Today’s Global
System” not as catchy a title I’ll admit.. Anyway, in this report 37 experts in nutrition,
agriculture, economics, health and government from 16 countries describe a “universal
healthy reference diet.” They say that if everyone ate that diet we’d avoid between
10.8 and 11.6 million deaths per year, a reduction of 19.0 to 23.6 percent. Their paper also says, we need to transform
what we eat AND how we make what we eat in order to achieve the UN Sustainable Development
Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement. Numbers aside what’s clear is that a global
transformation of the food system is needed to feed 10 billion people over the coming
decades. But it’s not that simple. The authors of the report, are asking for
big changes – they want us to eat less than ½ an ounce of red meat per day or about 3.5
ounces- a single serving of red meat- every week. And that’s a lot less than many people
in the US currently consume. On average we eat 2-3 ounces of red meat every day- in fact
the us is among the highest per capita consumers of meat on the planet Eating about 71 pounds of beef pork and lamb
every single year according to the US Dept of Ag. So ignoring that this “Food in the Anthropocene”
paper is 38 pages long and there are entire journals about examining how our global food
system does and should work – eating more veggies and less meat seems pretty straightforward,
right? It shouldn’t be that hard. But to get the whole world eating the diet recommended
by this paper probably won’t happen. Why? Because as-is, our global food system
in many ways forces us into making choices that are bad for our health and the planet’s.
Because it’s so freakin’ immensely complicated. And we learned just HOW complicated our food
system is thanks to a recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,
or IPCC, or as I like to think of it a bunch of scientists chillin’ at the UN. We learn just how complicated our food system is. The IPCC
reports that human use directly affects more than 70 percent of global ice free land surface.That’s
most of the land on the planet Consider between a quarter and a third of
all primary production goes to a food. And a quarter to a third of all food that
is produced is wasted. By the way in the US we waste up to half of
the food that we grow. It estimates that the value of global ecosystem
services – that’s when we place a monetary value on all the things that the environment
provides us, is equivalent to global GDP, and agricultural accounts for 70% of global
freshwater use. At a time when we’re extremely concerned
about water scarcity, all that land we’re using is changing fast due to human activity
– and that includes food production. Between 1850 and 2015, average land surface
air temperature has increased by 1.53°C at nearly twice the rate oceans are warming. The IPCC report is clear – climate change
has already impacted food security and contributed to desertification and land degradation. Calling this whole thing a really
big problem is probably an understatement. And because the global food system is so complex,
and we’re messing it up in so many ways, for this video, we’re just going to look
at two small pieces of this very big puzzle to understand why it is so hard to make ourselves
and the planet healthier. So here’s puzzle piece one. We’ve been
trying to make this video for well over a year, my laptop is littered with the digital
equivalent of balled up pieces of paper covered in the frustrated scribblings of old scripts. Because – it is complicated and we don’t
know what we think we know about food and nutrition. There is tons of misinformation
out there. Michigan State University’s national food
literacy and engagement poll found that half of Americans say they never or rarely seek
information about where our food was grown or how was produced. So despite our love of great instagram-worthy
breakfast tacos or so-called farm-to-table dining, we just don’t understand much about
what we eat and that leaves a lot of room for popular myths about diet and health. Especially in the era of social media and
celebrity influencers. I mean think about it – most of our lives
revolve around meals, but the vast majority of us are unengaged with and misinformed about
those production and nutrition. Today less than 2% of Americans live on farms as the population shifts from rural areas into cities and suburbs. We’re further removed from agriculture than ever before. When we find our food at the grocery store or order something in a restaurant, we don’t really know what it takes to get that meal to our table. Where it comes from, how it’s produced, who’s involved, and what the steps are in terms of transportation, storage, refrigeration, or preparing a meal. Not to mention what happens when we’re done, which leads to our food waste problem. You could fill the world’s largest cookbook with all the things we don’t know about food A whopping 37 percent of people in the US
don’t realize that all food contains genes, even though genetically modified organisms,
aka “GMOs,” are a hotly debated topic. Plenty of research, which you can find linked
down below, finds that contrary to popular belief, there’s no scientific link between
sugar and hyperactivity in children. That local and organic foods aren’t always best
for our bodies, farm animals, or the environment. And, even though 65 percent of consumers look
for the word “natural” on food labels, it’s not a term that necessarily tells us
what’s good for our bodies. Arsenic occurs naturally, after all, but I
wouldn’t recommend eating it. It’s really hard to tell people to change
the way they eat I mean in my case I would probably be following these low-carb diets
as well cause a lot of my friends and family are. But I work in food. If I didn’t I wouldn’t
know the science and I would be looking at social media and talking to my friends and
family and doing the things that they do because those are the people that we trust most. And if somehow, everyone became perfectly
informed on health science and nutrition – that’s where puzzle piece two comes in. Even if everyone
wanted to eat planet and people-friendly foods – we know race, ethnicity, income, and geography
all play a role in access to fresh fruits and vegetables. There’s solid scientific reporting demonstrating
that food secure individuals – people who have the means to not worry about feeding
their families – and food insecure individuals – those who are less able to make ends meat
– view the consumption of fruits and vegetables differently.
Food secure households where we know our next meal is always coming from – those folks are making decisions based on taste or food prep time, but for families that are food insecure
– those frequently consists of minorities single parents and seniors – that’s when the amount that that food costs plays a real roll. They’re thinking about how soon that food will spoil, when they
have to throw it away, and also the travel time and the accessibility of markets with
fresh vegetables and fruits. According to the US Dept of Agriculture, nearly
12 percent of U.S. households were food insecure at least some time during 2017, including
1 in 6 households with children. And it would be great if we could solve the
equally daunting problems of food insecurity, healthy eating, and a sustainable food system
simultaneously, but advocates for diets rich in fruits and vegetables have tried a lot
of obvious things, like offering free cooking classes, changing marketing on vegetables,
and trying to make the healthier stuff tastier. But those strategies don’t seem to affect
behavior in lower income households, because knowing how to cook tasty vegetables doesn’t
do a lot when they’re too expensive, far away, or you have to choose between putting
in a few extra hours at work and cooking dinner. While fast food and cheap meat may be worse
for our health and environment, it’s affordable, often tastes pretty good and comes ready to
eat. For a lot of people – what’s on the dinner table is less of choice than we’d
like to believe. Geographic location, access to transportation, and demographics all play
a role in our dietary choices. It’s complex and it’s difficult to address
with a single message: eat less meat. If we don’t have a society that supports and
encourages a healthy diet telling people to eat differently won’t change behavior and
can really only alienate certain groups. We truly do need to transform our global food system. We know how but we’re not necessarily prepared to do it because simply eating a bunch of fruits and vegetables isn’t practical
for most people on the planet. Misinformation and unequal access to healthful
foods are just two of many hurdles we’ll have to tackle if we want to make the global
food system healthier for us and the planet. This video isn’t anywhere close to long
enough to discuss all the forces standing in the way of a more sustainable food system
like subsidies, cultural differences and political power, land use, agricultural practices, media
challenges and more. But because of all these, something that should be simple – eating healthier foods that don’t pour carbon dioxide into
the atmosphere – is extremely difficult, if not impossible. We’re being asked to make really hard choices
about something we really want to be easy. When we’re feeling hangry at the end of
a long day, the last thing we want to do is feel the weight of the world’s agricultural
and food supply systems on our shoulders when we look in the fridge or walk zombie-style
through a grocery store or read the restaurant menu to find dinner. If there’s one thing that’s universal
about eating, beyond the fact that it brings basic nutrition into our bodies and keeps
us alive, it’s that it should be enjoyable. Making sure what’s on your dinner plate
is good for the planet AND good for your body is not easy, but it IS necessary. To do that, we’ve got to remember that food
is more than what we eat. It’s a system. One of the most massive ones our species has
ever constructed. And figuring out how to change it… is a lot to chew on.


Reader Comments

  1. The answer is pretty simple on paper: To help fight climate change, we need to convert more of our diet to plant-based foods and away from red meat. But in practice? It is REALLY hard to do, because the global food system is so huge, so wasteful, and so unequal, that in some ways it’s rigged against healthy eating. We didn’t make this video in order to sound hopeless, though. We just want everyone to have an honest look at how hard a problem this is to solve.

  2. Red meat wouldn't be a problem if cows were able to graze on grass like they evolved to do. Instead, we force them to eat grain and that is they are a CO2 problem. It doesn't really matter anyway, there is already more than enough global warming baked-in to collapse our civilization worldwide through crop failure and water shortage. Preventing that would require the world's governments and the corporations that own them to work together and that's not going to happen.

  3. Sometimes you go to the shop and it's cheaper to buy processed unhealthy foods than healthy ingredients, that's a big part of the problem

  4. My partner and I live in Mexico City, and we loved to eat meat until we realized how harmful it is to the environment and also to our health. The transition was gradual and something very useful for us is that we found very tasty alternatives to substitute dairy and red meat, for example, almond and oat milk, veggie patties, veggan mozzarella-like cheese, and so on, even we still go to our favorite steakhouse restaurant, but now we choose the grilled salmon and it is simply delicious!. Since we changed our way of eating, our close relatives also began to change, now my mom cooks much less red meat during the week and began to include more vegetables in the everyday meals. You said that it is very hard to convert our diet habits worldwide, and you're right, but where I can find hope is in the power of every individual and the impact of that person in others. If more and more people get aware of this problem and find a way to change, slowly but gradually we will make a difference.

  5. Why NOT tell people what to eat?
    The industry does just that.
    People tend to confuse choice with freedom and empowerment. At the same accepting restrictions in plenty other things.

  6. First world people, stop whining: Styles P is vegan. (Elon Musk, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris are not), watch: https://youtu.be/zRrc7HXQuzA

  7. This mess is why I want to start an urban aquaponics business that specializes in out of season and out of climate fruiting plants (like tomatoes in December, or citrus in a temperate zone). I want to do everything I can to support increased sustainability of my local food supply by offering fresh produce and proteins year round. I understand that not every crop is suitable for growth in a hydroponic or aquaponic system, such as deep rooted crops like corn, shelf stable crops like rice, or many of the temperate fruits that require extensive chilling units, like apples and cherries, but most of the vegetables we eat are extremely well suited for soil-less agriculture (and yes, I know that hydroponic tomatoes don't always taste as good as those grown in soil, that's why I want to do aquaponics, since the flavor is much closer to field grown crops, plus, I love to eat fish).

  8. i eat nearly 1kg of veggies per day supplemented with as much meat, fish and diary as i need to get my calories together.
    no carbs of course, you couldnt pay me to eat that crap ever again.

  9. Commercial consumer capitalism is the problem. Externalities are not figured into the system. This is why we are in the situation we are in. Eating healthy food is not complex. It's the system that makes it so.

  10. I didn't know that growing my vegetable has lower carbon emissions.

    But I think in my case growing the vegetables myself doesn't produce less carbon emissions.

    I use a electric pump to pump out groundwater a electric pump which I will just assume gets it's electricity by burning lignite (Brown Coal) the highest carbon emissions energy producer in Germany.

    Sadly I can't change my energy provider in my garden-cabin (separate plot of land) and I can't just use rain water. I need wat feels like thousands of liters of water each day.

    I considered switching to solar energy for my garden-cabin also because energy there is very very expensive like 4 to 5 times over average. (it has it justification and reasons which would take to long to explain).

    But spending a grant or more to power a small cabin with solar + battery storage becomes the pump needs a lot of power even if it is basically the only relevant energy consumer in the cabin.

    It's still on the table to go solar but certainly not this year anymore.

  11. i can't keep watching your vegan themed videos.
    you don't bother talking about the poisons being dumped on fruits and veggies, or the high cost of buying organic or the mechanical usage on farms…..
    you just keep thinking that if we all stop eating meat the planet will be fine, which is pretty ignorant if you ask me.

  12. My carbon footprint is really low. I'm green and I care about the environment, and I'm worried about global warming.

    But no way in hell am I ever cutting back on my meat and dairy consumption. Leave my damn food alone. I need my animal fat and protein. I get sick otherwise. It’s a myth that vegetarianism is a healthy option. You're conflating the standard american diet with a healthy meat based diet.

    I call bullshit.

  13. Thank you… it was a nice video on how difficult is to change.. somebody.. something.. that that is influenced by SO MANY damn factors.. i argued with a family member about this today lol

  14. Yoooo can you tell us that mushroom burger recipe that you teased in the last food related episode of hot mess?

  15. This is a great video: it acknowledges the problem, but it doesn't just leave us with solutions that are almost impossible to achieve on a global scale; instead, it serves as a foundation for encouraging research and public awareness of the issue, which is a great start. I recently learned about the negative effects of red-meat on both the climate and our health (check out Kurzgesagt's video; it's really good) and am trying my best to cut out, or at least minimize, red meat in my diet. I would love to share this with other people I know; however, much of my family and some of my friends are conservative, and that title (although it's a creative pun) is kinda loaded and probably isn't the best choice for spreading public awareness (but hey, what do I know about media creation? I'm probably wrong).

    P.S. I love this "new" video style, it's much more engaging informational; you guys are great!

  16. Exactly! Everyone must stop eating meat right now so we in Uruguay and Argentina can keep eating Asado. Guys, you are killing us…

  17. Many people I know rely on food pantry food donation places, where they get whatever is offered to supplement their lack of funds

  18. Can you do a video about the Amazon? I've seen it said that if too much of the rainforest is lost, South America could turn into savannah and that the rainforest wouldn't be able to come back. But what's the tipping point? And is there something scientists can do to reverse the soil erosion and drying that would result from the forest fires and harvesting?

  19. so if we just converted to nuclear energy and made all the farm equipment battery powered and extracted methane from cow dung , could we continue to eat what we want? If so , we have the technology we're all just to greedy to implement it.

  20. Vegans just love this current climate crisis. Perfect excuse to get all preachy and sanctimonious and push their obsessive agenda

  21. the percentage of wasted food has always puzzled me. what do they mean? why is it so high? how are they wasted? does throwing away peels count as "wasted food"? that's the only way i can account for "households" making so much food waste

  22. I am not gonna say that we have to be vegan, but indeed meat consumption and other animal products should be reduced. We sometimes eat too many just to fulfil our essential amino acid needs.

  23. I'm happy to not eat beef, I eat pork, chicken, fish. But as far as the planet is concerned it will also be fine… human however the outlook is not so good.

  24. I'm glad this channel doesn't pretend that this is easy to have people eat better when "good food" is MUCH more expensive than "bad food".

  25. That's why it would be really really nice if the change would be enforced a little bit more top down. So that the decisions are made by people that think about this problem the entire day. And not by me when I have to battle my hungry primal part of the brain.

  26. Miriam, I love you. I really do, but I also have a critical comment about this video. You emphasized several times how big and hard this problem is. That could make people throw up their hands and give up. I haven't studied Humanism formally, but my impression of it is an attitude that people can figure things out and solve big problems. We are not helpless. We don't need God to save us. We can do it.

  27. Yes it's definitely a lot to Chew on. But I do hope we can all Digest all/most nutrients from this Ripe video.

  28. I think the thing that changed my eating habits the most was looking at how much I was spending per meal. When I started looking, back in the mid-90s, I was spending about $5 per meal (about $8 today, I think). I missed some of the meals my mom would make for me; meatloaf, tuna casserole, pot roast, etc. I got the recipes, bought the ingredients, and gave it a shot! It was so welcome, and then I saw how much it cost. Some of the meals were 1/5th the cost and took just a bit longer than going through a drive through (relative time. time spent actually tending the cooking or prep). 25 years later, I don't miss fast food that much. I treat myself to an 'indulgent meal' monthly or when I'm on the road. Other than that, the sale items at the grocery store dictate my diet for the most part. BTW, F**K McDonalds!!!! The dumbest, most boring, and most expensive meals on the planet, relative to what you get! If you pay $7 for breakfast, it should be 2 eggs sausage, pancakes, and orange juice. Go to Denny's. If you want a REAL burger, check out the locals. They're not all inept!

  29. I just wanted to add that the language of "Eat less meat" is still better then nothing. It is true that trying to make healthier stuff tastier, offering free cooking classes and changing marketing on vegetables are very small steps, but they are in right direction.

    Yes "FOOD IS IMMENSELY COMPLICATED" as you said, and it should be as living beings have been eating since their/our dawn. Agriculture sector is secound largest emissions producer after ENERGY.
    And ENERGY SECTOR (producing electrical energy) is just 2 centuries old, I am sure we are terribly wrong/immature at it.

    Loved the video and Kudos for the efforts behind it….! 😃💞💕😃

  30. You should look into systems based approach. A lot of the renaissance of systems thinking lately is reconnecting people to methods that can take on complex systems. Soft systems methodology, systems mapping, etc.

  31. Forestland being purposefully burnt to create grassland for cows…. oh, that must have been what happened to Mars!

    Who wants to move there?!

  32. Excellent video, informative, and well out together… However, many of us watching know much of this already. We know the food industry is a Hot Mess, we know unhealthful food is cheap and healthful food is more expensive. There are so many societal problems that we yell and scream at our government to do something about, yet it falls on deaf ears.
    The key point of this video, in my personal opinion, is Sheril Kirshenbaum's observation that the scientists and experts weren't the ones making the decisions about the food industry or the environment.

  33. I thought this video would be about how many people will starve from climate change. When are you going to talk about how bad it will really get and where and how we should live to survive? Every episode is like, "It's way too hard to fix this". OK, we get it. So can you help some of us maybe survive it?

  34. the fix is unremarkably surprisingly simple. Most people eat for pleasure rather than for sustainability, im looking at everyone, vegans and paleos etc etc. Its only complicated when tackled collectively. Instead, the solution should be working at an individual level. Raising self awareness and working towards self-realization. In America particularly… the educational system could be shifted from indoctrination to the dynamics of our relationship and how we reverberate throughout the entire system. Baby steps of course, are still moving forward. this type of education is GROSSLY overlooked

  35. The planet falling onto the shoulders of the silhouette figure everywhere they go to eat…. yeah I feel that. It really is hard to make good food choices and in the end, I know I end up cheating and giving into what I know is a destructive status quo because change is hard :/

  36. So many things that occurred without our consent and knowledge makes everything more complex and ununderstandable

  37. 9:37 Well, that would be a great reason to introduce an UBI and a Greenhouse Tax.

    A society should take responsibility over the behavior it guides people to.

  38. You are Americans. If Indians can do it, you can do it
    But you will not do that, as you are Americans(rich)

  39. If people don't get this, use this data.
    77% of our lives is used for livestock and it's feed. That massive amount of land produces a puny 17% of our calories!
    https://ourworldindata.org/agricultural-land-by-global-diets

    That means if we halved the meat we eat, we could reclaim about half our agricultural land – that's 2.5x times the area of the USA!!
    We could use that land to reforest, restore wetlands and peatlands on a huge scale. AND STILL FEED THE PLANET WITH EASE.

    This is a no brainier.
    But as you know most people won't get this (yet) that means the people who do understand need to do more, to make up.

    So please consider going veggie or even vegan. It's totally doable now. It's honestly easy.
    My family went 95% vegan pretty much overnight. Just no big deal at all.

    Please give it a try. What's the worst that could happen?! 😀

  40. yes i know. isnt it something like 4-5 companies owning all of food production around the planet? Kraft, Nestle and a few others?
    i don't think we can change the 1% rigged game unless theres like a global civil war against the upper class….

  41. Something that would help me personally eat less meat: Really good meat-free recipes that feel like a full meal and aren't nasty tofu. I know you can, but I feel like I get no protein if I cut meat. I guess milk and yogurt are left? Seriously, throw in actionable things like that on the end of videos.

  42. As someone who regularly listens to very complex intellectual conversations on podcasts, this was shockingly hard to follow at times.

    Some of the sentences that try to summarize data simply aren't comprehensible for me at this speed, and the visuals didn't help. You totally lost me at 4:35 and had to rewatch that a couple times to understand what was being said.

    All that being said, thank you so much for making these videos and hope this is taken as constructive feedback!
    Together we march on <3

  43. Good healthy food can be the cheapest way to eat. People have a perception that healthy food is expensive but the cheapest foods in the store are beans, rice, potatoes, lentils, whole grains, and some veggies and fruit are also very cheap especially when you buy frozen instead of fresh. A whole foods plant based diet is one of the healthiest and cheapest diets available.

    You don't need super foods or avacados to be healthy. Just eat a variety of whole grains, legumes, and veggies and you'll be fine and save some money too.

  44. Medical bills get awfully expensive! Ever see the cost for insulin? Something to think about when making choices about what to eat, it certainly helped me!

  45. Sometimes when you're making music and writing songs, you accidentally end up writing a song about climate change. I wanted to share it with you guys, because your channel inspired the title/chorus. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_nv8CIdsnE&feature=youtu.be

  46. I reckon something that needs to be mentioned in conversations about food distribution is capitalism; if it wasn't profitable to throw produce in the garbage and sell people junk food for cheap, I sincerely doubt it would be happening today.

  47. Thank you for debunking the organic myth. But there is also the GMO myth. 50% of americans think GMOs are bad despite the fact that no scientific evidence has ever found a link between GMOs and diseases. Actually, and it's very sad that what I am going to say is so controversial, but it's scientific consensus that organic is waste of money and GMOs are actually more effective at reducing the pesticides in plants than organic. Because organic uses a whole lot of pesticides, just like regular food (despite widespread misinformation which makes people think otherwise), the pesticides in use are only natural, but again as you said, the fact that something is natural is NO VALID ARGUMENT for or against it. And actually pesticides allowed in organic products are just less efficient than artificial ones. So a real solution against pesticides and for our soils would be this :
    -growing GMOs
    -since GMOs are already more productive, we need less pesticides to grow them
    -avoiding mono-cultures

    And it's so frustrating to see so many people who eat ridiculously large amounts of meat be self-righteous about eating "organic" and "GM free" for the environment. Actually they are doing the worst thing for the environment. Organic is actually worse for the environment because it causes deforestation, it's also not productive so if we want people who starve in east africa not to starve anymore. Then, as I said, GMs can potentially be better for your health because potentially less pesticides and they can be GM to make them more nutrient dense in certain nutrients.
    Actually people who really want to help the environment and people who are starving should be vegan, pro-GMO, anti-organic (wait, just like unnatural vegan. If you are a skeptic who hates pseudo-science used for political reasons or any other reasons and who is interested in veganism, go see her channel), avoid as much as possible foods not in season, eating as much local food from their country, maybe produce a few vegetables in their garden.

  48. Tubers and frozen food and legumes and grains and seeds and nuts and B12 vitamin
    Yes, so confusing and expensive
    There should be vegan fastfood tho

  49. Start with a lie. Thank you. I don't have to pay attention now.

    Fertilizer. Production release CO2.
    same for pesticides.
    and herbicides.

    Then you move it.

    for vegetables.. Those are not counted.

    unless they feed an animal. That only eats them due to subsidizes.

    Without those. they would be pasture raised. Which is Carbon Negative.

  50. Guys actually the answer is SUPER easy. We should all go vegan, vegetarian at least. Is not difficult, the research backs up the fact that a plant based diet is the best health-wise, and no, is NOT more expensive nor even difficult to get the food, I mean rice, beans, frozen veggies are the easier items to find and less expensive foods….they can last for years and years.This video is full of excuses and baby steps, and considering how many people you can reach you should freaking do more. As you say on social media etc is full of wrong infos that reinforce that status quo so do your part and CHANGE THAT. We are quite past the “food should be enjoyable” phase (and it’ s not like vegan foods sucks btw, very far from it). Let’ s grow up and take some responsibilities to fix the environmental crisis we are in. Do the right thing and GO VEGAN, you will be alive at 90 without stroke, heart attacks or other stupidly avoidable diseases and you will know you have done something to give a better world to your sons/grandchildren. Think long term

  51. The absolute only way we will make it on this planet is if we rest society back to square one and rebuilt it back up on the foundation of what we have learned/discovered today and made every decision based on those experiences. I would hope with conscious intentions things would turn out much different.

  52. I'll sometimes throw away the odd lettuce if it's gone brown at the end, but that's just the tip of the iceberg.

  53. …And the bad taste of vegetables and fruits, the prep time, and that they spoil every day. I stick to the hamburger I can cook in 10 minutes.

  54. These are the facts. World population is increasing. We need more food! How to grow more food: (1) A warmer climate. (2) More food for the plants i.e CO2 in the air. Luckily we have seen improvements already.  We have slowly gotten out of the Little Ice Age during the last 1-200 years with the planet warming up again, and with higher levels of CO2 we have seen a greening of the planet the last decades, which has resulted in a huge increase in global food production.
    The data: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/carbon-dioxide-fertilization-greening-earth?
    And because of this and an unprecedented access to cheap fossile fuel during the last 100 years we are now better off, when it comes to economy, health, education, technology, social equality, war/peace, etc, than any time in our known history. We are in a time with more resources and human well-beeing than ever before, and it's getting better every year. A hundred years ago you were more educated than most if you could read, and wealthier than most if you owned shoes. And you had to work 12+ hours every day just to put food on the table. We should be thankful for living in this time and not in the ages before us. The generations living today are more privileged than any generation before us, thanks to cheap fossile fuel.

  55. Thank you for that video. I got the feeling that just so many people around me, aren't aware of the impact of there diet, even though they are super well educated. They simply dont get it or dont want to get, that they have to think about those impacts.
    I just dont know what to do for them to understand the problem. I wish they were watching such videos too…

  56. A video with much more questions than answers. Which is good, I guess, because you don't get the unrealistic feeling that you did something useful by watching it, you get the healthier feeling that you should start doing something useful.

  57. Perhaps the most important piece of information and one that is not mentioned in this video is that different meats have different impacts on the environment. Pork and Poultry are a lot greener than beef – so if you want to cut down on your carbon footprint, what you can do is swap to greener types of meat (as well as reducing your consumption of it).

    Something else you should have in mind is that animals, well integrated into an ecosystem, can be less ecologically damaging than monocrops. Pigs and poultry can eat organic refuse from farming and compost it with a lesser greenhouse gas effect than if you just let that rot by itself (plus, you get to eat a pig that's lived a very happy life later on). If you can, try to support farmers that instead of giving their animals fodder integrate them into their farms.

  58. Colonial White people will never care about anything except themselves. Sorry for sounding racist but this is what is always seen.

  59. While yes the average meat consumption is too high, however we should not stop eating meat just reduce it and source better meat. Livestock is a vital part of a REAL FUNCTIONAL FARMING SYSTEM. Such as a permaculture farm.

    One of the big mess ups we have with industrial farming is separation of livestock and plants. The proliferation of mono cropping, be it plants or animals. In nature animals and plants work together to create a healthy ecosystem. When you try to only grow one thing and eradicate everything else, you are in a constant battle against the natural system.

    In permaculture animals are used as nature uses them to till, weed, fight pests, fertilize, etc… Non edible plants are also used to attract pollinators, help make minerals available, fight pests, fertilize, etc….

    One of permaculture's techniques is called a food forest, a mimicking of nature's forest ecosystems but with as much food production as can be placed in. While permaculture is a newish concept, a lot of it's techniques are just old things being rediscovered. In Viet Nam a 500 yr old food forest was discovered. In Morocco a food forest was discovered that was 2000 yrs old that had been continuously providing food for people.

    This is just one technique used in permaculture. Other things like alley cropping and silvopasture combine orchards with livestock and annual plant production.

    Most of permaculture emphasizes perinal plants over annual.

  60. Something worth noting about red meat is industrial farmed red meat is not representative of healthy red meat.

    Good permaculture grass feed red meat from heritage livestock is a lot healthier than the feed lot industrial farmed livestock.

    Similarly the greenhouse emissions of grass feed red meat is significantly less.

    Yes we should still reduce red meat consumption, but it should also be a move toward more sustainable livestock systems.

    Something else worth noting, proper livestock practices of grazing can actually reverse desertification. There is a lot of research showing proper grazing helps "wasteland" return to healthy land.

    My point is a lot of the problems is not as simple as "eat less red meat" but more a complete rethink of how we raise both livestock and plants. The monocrop industrial agriculture model is a failing one.

    For people who want to research a real solution, I highly suggest looking into Permaculture.

  61. Great video but I always wonder why we never talk about the elephant in the room. Population growth.
    Norman Borlaug promoted the Green Revolution to feed the world but warned that it was only a stop gap measure. If human population continued to grow, it would outstrip our ability to feed the world. Malthus would be proven correct.

    It would seem that we have still not taken these warnings from Borlaug and Malthus to heart.

  62. Why are people poor? It’s not because the resources themselves are scarce, it’s an arbitrary set of rules we made up for who gets them.

    Why is edible food thrown away without being sold? Because meeting actual needs is secondary to the socially constructed need of profit.

    Why is sustainability downplayed in favor of profit?

    The answer is capitalism. Labor and the means of production and distribution must be democratically and communally managed and owned, not owned and managed by an oligarchy who are incentivized to be successful by placing profit over tangible human needs.

  63. I definitely wont be eating more plant based. I went vegan once for a week and got sick. I was vegetarian for 3 years and it destroyed my body. I even decreased my meat consumption to less than 2 or 3 oz a week, (I cook everything from scratch at home btw) my husband and I gained weight and my period disappeared because I was deficient in nutrients i think it's ok for some people to eat that way, but I prefer listening to my body rather than nutrition scientists who cant even agree with each other. If I did my body would deteriorate.

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