Welcome to watch this video of Macau ecology. First, let me introduce some plants of Macau mangrove. The plant on your left is Aegiceras corniculatum. There is a considerable amount of algae in the mangrove attracting different kinds of crabs and filling the mud flat with vitality. And the plant above of Aegiceras corniculatum is Kandelia. It looks like eggplant when ripe. It has the special function of breeding by means of vivipary which means the seeds begin to develop before they detach from the parent trees. This is Avicennia marina and they can survive in oxygen-deprived soil, getting oxygen directly from the surrounding air. Its seeds shape like broad beans. Now, let me tell you something about mangrove. Mangroves are special plants inhabiting in sheltered shores in tropical and subtropical regions. They also have specialised structures and mechanisms to adapt the harsh intertidal environment. They are primary producers providing food,
shelter and nursery to a large number of animals including mudskippers and fiddler crabs. Mangrove also can purify the environment, especially to prevent coastal eutrophication. As you can see, mangrove is an important part of ecology, we need to protect it. Here is Macau ecological perseveration zone 2 where was built a boardwalk for visitors to observe mangrove. There are public days of this zone every year, so that if you are interested in it, you can come here and take videos. The abundant food resources of Macau mangrove attract 174 species of birds, including the rare black-faced spoonbill. Black-Faced Spoonbill is a globally endangered bird that requires our concerns and protection. In winter, visitors may find them searching for food with their long bills on mudflats in Wetland Park. Look at your left side, these plants are Aegiceras corniculatum which I have mentioned before. The plant in front is pagatpat, which blooms in the first and middle of June every year. This is the end of our video, thank you.