Importance of Natural Resources

Elinor Ostrom on managing "common pool" resources



common pool resources are a is their very general term to refer to a wide diversity of resources in the world where it's hard to exclude people from them but once they are in and if they use or harvest what they harvest takes away from others so an easy examples to think of a fishery it's hard to get a boundary on a fishery so it's hard to exclude people but if I take out ton of fish the sunna fish are not available to other fishermen well the public good and common pool resource share the difficulty of exclusion so having peace and security in your neighborhood you can't exclude anyone from enjoying it but any one person does not subtract from peace and security so it's this difference between subtract ability or not I'm not arguing that centralization or privatization will sometimes work I'm arguing that they are not the only solutions of successful systems and that many times individuals come together and create a common property regime that they understand but not necessarily others from the outside and that many common property regimes are also successful it is hard to come with a common set of rules that is negotiated a person a person or through various ways at a global level of but we can be working on local rules that work very well if we keep our current theories no so a good deal of our academic work has been very discouraged if we can slowly but surely change the way we think about these problems I think there are ways of doing much better multi-level thinking and understanding the diversity and the complexity and not rejecting it so yes I think there's probably a good chance but if we stay with our current narrow ways of thinking about the world no I'm very discouraged you


Reader Comments

  1. Common resources are exemplified by pasture and water in the pastoralists drylands of Eastern Africa whose management is institutionalized. Traditionally, the vagaries of the natural environment are overcome through access to and management of communal rangelands, the mobility of livestock, strengthened customary resource regulation institutions and traditional social security networks. Recent studies have shown sedentarisation, encroachment of pastoral rangeland for alternative use and weakened traditional institutions have reduced pastoral resource base and increased poverty among the pastoralists. Pastoralism as a system of production have not benefited from the process and outcome of policy development. Studies need to be carried out to address pastoralists challenges by building on their indigenous knowledge and integrating it into the mainstream range science and strengthening traditional resource management institutions.

  2. Sometimes we need Government intervention and Privatization as Consumers and Firms can get really greedy, everyone is in it for their own interest and don't care sometimes regardless to how anyone else is affected

  3. Common pool management is a real option compared to individual quotas provided the necessary social glue, and a well designed concept. It may be more difficult to provide, but it entail the benefit of cooperation on a multitude of levels e.g. in relation to community based development of harbours, distribution channels or marketing concepts. thorupstrand kystfiskerlaug is a Danish example on this

  4. I'm confused why Ocean2012EU sent people here,tweeting: For all those proposing #catchshares as the #silverbullet for #EU #fisheries and #CFP reform

    Catch shares are just a platform upon which unique programs are designed to meet the needs of the communities they serve. They can – and have been – designed poorly but overall have shown greater success worldwide than other fishery management systems.

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