Importance of Natural Resources

Climate Change at the Building Scale Part 2: The Human Made Natural

At first I would like to explain some of my personal position I studied at an alternative school where there were not teachers or classrooms. There were some horrible environments that stimulated a personal creation of humanity The adults that accompanied the children And the children would spend their day in the forest in natural places and in creative spaces It is a childhood illusion that was a learning experience in playing. and it has impacted my adult life and has created some principles surrounding architecture. And these principles are; dream which always interests me. It is to expand the mind and think that anything is possible. To create joy; to enjoy the moment and to enjoy what one is doing To share: to share and connect with others Optimize: how to create and think of resources and to think of how we can be efficient And lastly I am interested in learning; it is simply an opportunity to learn and understand more So for me I want to go back to what you can do by hand and to think of the creative processes as a connection between the human brain with the hand To be thinking but to also constantly be in the reality And here is about touching back to reality and in this case we have something from the Incas. My study is something that is very small but i’ve connected with a lot of people and the culmination of that has been very great And so in Quito, a lot of the study of architecture is very related to and connected in thought There is a lot of criticism, visiting projects of others; there’s a collective intelligence I want you to also know that it’s not just architects that are part of my team but its also the builders: the masters of labor And here we have Fabian, Jaime, Luis And here’s Roy whose here with me from Buenos Aires And Pablo asked that I mention him: he’s a great friend of mine. I would also like to note that our collectives in Quito have also created groups For example Cui that works with the appropriation of space that really isn’t attended to Together we understand that we can do things better and to advance things event beyond And Actuemos Ecuador is a group that formed after the 2016 earthquake in Equador and together we learned that we can support the catastrophe And there’s another group that’s called the Republic of Exception We’re a lot of people that have to deal with culture, industrial design, architecture with environmental themes And we’ve understood that we can create an understanding that’s more general for the public and we can demand from the city and the state to give us more space that we can work within so that our work continues to contribute to society. And lastly… This is a new group that has formed that is called La Ortiga. It is a urban ideal and that is an urban work. And that’s where I work and look for ways to develop within life that don’t necessarily have to deal with economy We occupy spaces that have been abandoned And we give them new life with the understanding that we have. I want you to understand a bit about Equador: supposing that the world is spherical, we have the Equator and we don’t have seasons and days are always 12 hours and there is a very regular climate. The particularity of being on the Equatorial line is that on the 21st of March and the 21st of September, the sun is totally perpendicular to the ground and there are no shadows in the vertical direction I also want to talk about the region and the result that water has on it Here, Equador is along the pacific and boardered by the Andes The highest point is 16,200 meters tall and the Andes divides the coastal zone from the Amazon zone I come from the capital where there are a lot of mountains and the water always go out from a specific point either towards the Pacific or in this case, towards the Amazon Recently i’ve been very concerned with themes surrounding water And i’ve noticed that these territories always has these withdrawals of water These red points are the locations of our intervention And i’ve understood that a territory that is so big that our interventions are small positive medical cures for the environment. I want you to understand the importance of this territory where we have really tall mountains and we have many natural faults for water The city has been growing rapidly since 1935 which doesn’t consider the territory. This city could be anywhere, but devours the land And these waterfalls are 90% blocked The most important water comes in mainly from the snow caps We always need more resources to be sustainable but the water always comes from further away And all the water that we consume exits into the rivers completely contaminated I would like for you to see the aesthetic that the city has which primes a development in which the people automatically build and work with very unfriendly materials And that that’s where it becomes really interesting, the intelligence of tradition… and seeing the construction where the most populated areas are. Its incredible that in a city that is so grey, there are points where water is being born and coming out We have waterfalls 5 minutes away from the city and don’t even know it and where we have water passages now are completely closed This waterfall is from this passage and this part here comes from here in the very back but it comes from this passageway here Any open river that is completely contaminated All of the drainage goes into this river… and this is the most contaminated river within the country I want to tell you now about a project i’ve been working on with Sebastian Calero and i want you to understand the way in which we work We spoke a lot with our clients and developed a shared understanding This is a private construction There are very few contests or bids in Ecuador to do this, and few opportunities to do public works of architecture, so these works are opportunities for reflection and concentration These are the clients and they live in the mountains and they go to the mountains often, including Chapico We’ve identified many things about the mountain, but also the strata that exist within it: what it has to do with time. There is an aesthetic that exists in how you do this traditionally or popularly in which you put together materials that look stratified and that has to deal with the economy. I’m interested in that the materials come from the environment As previous panelists have said, it’s important for me that the materials be accessible For example the reeds that accompany the rivers or the wood that is also given oxygen. I am also very interested in recycling and understanding that people don’t have an awareness of what used to be there. But in this immediateness of life they throw away the past. So it interests me that whenever there is a destruction of a place… I want to pick that material up and think of other forms or ways of economizing it. This is the common model of construction in which you create a lot of impermeable floors. As the sun impacts these buildings, it also impacts the climate. All of this water cannot be filtered and collects at the very bottom and everything that we consume goes to the rivers. So what we proposed with this house… is that we adapt to the ecosystem… and so that we can live together. One of the strengths that comes from this house… are the treatments of the blackwaters and greywaters… and its how we convert the blackwaters into new life. That’s where the thinking changes: it turns into something that is… because our undoing can effect wildlife. And we can create vegetative filters The water can permeate the earth and filter into the ocean as well. The inspiration is the local architecture and the local architecture always has to contribute to the territory. The architectural thought is… is to sustain these pieces of Earth that can also sustain life. We can see the recycling here: we’ve created a work that is like a non-monetary exchange. So a museum within the city considered all this to be trash.. and I didn’t see a lot but I understood that there could be some important things… so I accepted the contract they offered me: to clean it and to take whatever I wanted. It was incredible because I found a lot of wood and we found a lot of woods that don’t exist anymore. We had stopped our work in our offices in order to help put in these columns. Its beautiful because the clients also get involved in this process and they create a feeling of pertinence. These are some photos of the site This is the land and its annexed next to a familiar place. The goal was to unite both lands This brick is from here… and we wanted to convert it into part of the house. All of the nature and topography we leave it as is And the architecture adapts to the new circumstances. This tree here ends up here. This is another tree… and the house looks as if its always been there. So it doesn’t only just connect with the immediate landscape, it is also rounded. And this topography here, we didn’t cover it. And here’s the tree in between the house. We can see how this house is primarily made out of wood. And so this wall that has been filled in can be a part of the home or part of something else. Unlike the other panelists, we haven’t done previous tests; we do the tests in the work, We also take a lot of risks in our challenges considering that Ecuador is a seismic country these walls have no openings. And we have these cables that helps to support this, because there is also a vertical structure here. We were interested in this in order to generate thin walls that aren’t heavy And the house is closed to all the places that aren’t of interest to us they are only connected to the parts that we are interested, the parts that are a part of the ecosystem. For example, this part here has a part that is strongly connected to nature around it right here and also this tree. And we see here a window connected on one side and to a tree on the other. You have a long view of the mountains as well. What we made here are boxes made out of walls, floors and ceilings… floors and ceilings that are made out of bricks… and the ceiling is also made out of bricks. All of this where the plants are is made of clay. I put the plan here only to show how it works. There’s a line of circulation… and then we see these boxes of dirt. There’s an intermediary zone that is kind of like a neutral zone. And you can see here how the trees are, and how the house opens up so that you can see the trees. We see these intermediary zones made of wood and these others made of dirt. There’s a huge cover that covers this intermediary zone… and this is also made out of reeds. It is almost like a type of bamboo but its also really small. I went back this last weekend to see how the building was… and its interesting to see how nature has grown around the space. Before starting with the house i’d like to show you… or tell you more about the water treatment. We have the sink, we have the shower… the washer… There’s a grease trap that it goes to… and the toilet… it goes to a bioprocessor And both of them go to a vegetative filter. These are marsh plants… and it has a vertical filter… We have another filtration system that is horizontal… and this all goes into a collective water. with fish and aquatic plants. After this… we can use this water again. Now that we can reuse this water, the fruits are more important. You can see here we have these… that very few people know about the nature that we have on the land. What it all does it return the water to the rivers. We’re unaware of the damage we’re causing to the environment Because the city where I live is 2,800 m above sea level… and the rivers cover a lot of land before getting to the ocean. This idea of death and catastrophe in terms of the environment… we use it as life, such as systems where we can create synergies with nature. This is the filter of the house… it has a lot of nutrients and therefore its enormous. As we see its almost 5 meters tall, quite impressionable. And so here we have this pond of fish… and there’s a connection with the fish to see how we feed them and how the grow. This is the house and we can see that its almost invaded by the nature. So when we built this we actually pulled the wall back to make space for the trees. then you see the other tree and how its situated in between the two. And with this other tree, we can see how the architecture is built on top of the nature.

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