Importance of Natural Resources

Climate Action: How To Tackle 90% of Emissions


Climate change is already
affecting our lives. There’s a lot we can all
do to get our planet’s climate back on track. And it goes beyond
reusable water bottles and consuming less meat. Almost 90% of greenhouse
gas emissions come from five sectors: Electricity, agriculture, industry, transport,
and buildings. So what can we do? Electricity is critical
for our modern lives and demand will continue to grow. Coal is estimated to be responsible
for around 800,000 premature deaths each year worldwide. Countries should rapidly
scale up clean and renewable energy and lower emissions
and improve air quality by phasing out coal power plants. The transport sector, like planes,
trains, ships and cars, account for about a quarter of energy
related carbon dioxide emissions. We need to cut emissions
from transport by 75% to limit the global
temperature rise. We need to make
low-carbon travel the default. Agriculture is another important
but challenging sector. Increased food production will,
on current patterns, mean far more emissions. Eating less meat and reducing
food waste can help. But we also need innovation to
replace harmful incentives to agricultural production
with better policies. Industries such as mining,
steel and cement, are responsible for
one-fifth of emissions. Global consumption for
raw materials is set to double by 2060, so we need to take action now. Adopting circular and resource-efficient
production processes can help. Policy makers need to manage the transition
for workers and affected communities. For buildings, better construction codes
and the use of low-carbon electricity for space and water heating,
cooling and cooking will make a big difference. Climate action is an opportunity
to change for the better. Individuals, cities and businesses
are increasingly stepping up to the mark, but policy is not always
keeping pace. We have the knowledge, tools and
solutions to address climate change and to create a cleaner,
fairer and sustainable world. So let’s make it happen.


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